Ockham's Razor or Occam's Razor
Robert Grosseteste Grosseteste worked on
geometry, optics and astronomy. In optics he experimented with mirrors and
with lenses. He believed that experimentation must be used to verify a theory
by testing its consequences.
William of Ockham Philosopher, theologian, and polemicist.
William of Ockham was a vigorous, critical and independent thinker, and
at the same time a theologian in the Augustinian-Franciscan tradition. He
contributed to the development of formal logic, and a logician's approach
runs through all his work. He made much use of the principle of economy
Ockham's razor asserts that simplicity is preferred to complexity in design.
Many variations of the principle exist each adapted to address the particulars
of a field or domain of knowledge. A few examples include:
Principles of Design
- "Entities should not be multiplied without necessity."
of Ockham (Occam)
- "That is better and more valuable which requires fewer, other circumstances
- "Nature operates in the shortest way possible."
- "We are to admit no more causes of natural things than such as are both
true and sufficient to explain their appearances."
- "Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler."
by William Lidwell, Kritina Holden and Jill Butler